Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Peter Julian is calling for 'right-to-know' labelling for consumers...And More

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Burnaby Now

Activist applauds MP's toxins bill
Peter Julian is calling for 'right-to-know' labelling for consumers

by Christina Myers

A longtime Burnaby environmental and health activist is applauding a
push to introduce "right-to-know" labelling for toxic ingredients in
household products.

Mae Burrows of Toxic Free Canada - formerly known as the Labour
Environmental Alliance Society - says the private member's bill put
forward earlier this month by MP Peter Julian will give Canadians the
tools they need to make informed decisions for their families.

The bill would require all household products sold or imported into
Canada containing toxic substances to have clearly marked labels
identifying their toxic contents to consumers.

Burrows notes that her organization - which has been campaigning for
such legislation for five years - wrote to local MPs in January urging
them to act, adding that, as people learn more about the potential
health impacts of certain toxins, they are demanding more information
and accountability.

"The polls that we have show the majority of Canadians want to have
the right to know," Burrows told the NOW recently. "The legislation we
have now doesn't protect us, it's very hit and miss."

She says there are a wide variety of potentially toxic ingredients
that people want, and should have the right, to know about. For
example, some paint strippers have carcinogenic toxins in them.

"People are really starting to realize that low-dose exposure does
have an impact."

The society has successfully managed to work with several
municipalities in B.C. in having cosmetic pesticide bans introduced,
and Burrows says they are now working at a provincial level to see
that expanded.

"People sometimes think that maybe we're trying to create panic, and
that's not it at all. We want people to have the information they
need, and then they can be calm about it and can make the decisions in
the marketplace that fit their life and their concerns," she said.

As an example, Burrows points to the recent concerns over bisphenol-A
in certain plastic products. Last year, Health Canada determined that
pregnant women and babies are at risk from exposure to BPA, but
products don't have to be labelled.

In a statement, Julian noted that a previous version of the bill had
been pending a second reading in the House of Commons prior to the
dissolution of Parliament last fall.

"Bill C-338 recognizes that every single Canadian has a right to know
what dangers are posed to their health by the everyday products they
use," he said. "It's high time consumers are empowered with this
knowledge, not just to be able to make informed purchases but also to
use their purchasing power to put pressure on companies to use more
environmentally sustainable and healthier ingredients - it's a clear
win for every Canadian."

He says the bill builds on existing legislation that provides for
product labelling in the case of poisonous and dangerous products but
that doesn't extend to consumer products. Similar legislation has
already been enacted in the European Union and in California.

See www.toxicfreecanada.ca for more.

© Burnaby Now 2009

http://www2.canada.com/burnabynow/news/story.html?id=cf786a60-9bb0-44a8-a7dc-65b9b55c0464

=========================

Wed 11 Mar 2009.

NEWS: NDP BILL WOULD PROTECT CONSUMER’S RIGHT TO KNOW


OTTAWA – On Wednesday, Peter Julian, MP (Burnaby-New Westminster)
tabled a Private Member’s Bill in the House of Commons, which would
require all households products sold or imported into Canada
containing toxic substances to have clearly marked labels specifying
their toxic contents to consumers.

Bill C-338 is in keeping with the consumer’s right to know what
ingredients are in everyday products, especially foods, household
cleaners, and cosmetics. A previous version of Julian’s bill was on
the Order Paper of the House of Commons, pending Second Reading at the
time of the dissolution of Parliament last fall.

“Bill C-338 recognizes that every single Canadian has a right to know
what dangers are posed to their health by the everyday products they
use” said Julian. “It’s high time consumers are empowered with this
knowledge, not just to be able to make informed purchases, but also to
use their purchasing power to put pressure on companies to use more
environmentally sustainable and healthier ingredients – it’s a clear
win for every Canadian.”

Julian’s Bill builds on existing Canadian legislation that already
provides for product labeling in the case of poisonous and other
dangerous products, but which does not extend to consumer products. It
follows many other jurisdictions that have already enacted similar
legislation, notably the European Union and the State of California in
the United States. The legislation was developed in cooperation with
consumer advocates and the grass-roots.

The Bill comes just after Toxic Free Canada’s Executive Director Mae
Burrows wrote to all Members of Parliament, urging them to support the
enabling of legislation that would protect Canadians’ right-to-know by
requiring mandatory labels of hazardous ingredients on consumer
products.

“We will continue moving forward on this vital campaign to protect the
right to know,” said Julian. “I urge all Parliamentarians to join in
supporting this Bill in a non partisan fashion, and take a strong
stand for consumer protection and the health of every Canadian.”

http://www.peterjulian.ca/page/658

=========================

The Senate of Canada
Order Paper and Notice Paper
Issue 20
Tuesday, March 24, 2009
2:00 p.m.

WRITTEN QUESTIONS

No. 9.
By the Honourable Senator Downe:

January 26, 2009—With respect to the North American Free Trade
Agreement Technical Working Group:

In 1997, the North American Free Trade Agreement Technical Working
Group (TWG) on Pesticides was established to serve as a focal point
for addressing pesticide related issues. The TWG's primary objective
is to facilitate cost effective pesticide regulation and trade among
Canada, Mexico, and the United States through harmonization.

Could the Government of Canada provide the following information:

i. How many cases exist where Canadian pesticide standards have
been lowered in order to harmonize regulations with the United States?

ii. How many cases exist where Canadian pesticide standards have
been increased in order to harmonize regulations with the United
States?

iii. How many products were affected from lowering Canadian
pesticide standards in order to harmonize pesticide regulations with
the United States?

iv. How many products were affected from increasing Canadian
pesticide standards in order to harmonize pesticide regulations with
the United States?

v. What are the standards Canadian officials use to determine
whether or not to lower pesticide standards?

vi. What percentage of Canadian pesticide residue levels are
stricter than American standards?

vii. What percentage of products in Canada are found to exceed
legal residue limits?

http://www.parl.gc.ca/40/2/parlbus/chambus/senate/orderpaper/ord-E.htm

--------------------

The Hon. Percy E. Downe, B.A.
@TITLE_EN

Senator Downe was appointed to the Senate of Canada by the Right
Honourable Jean Chr├ętien. He has served in the Senate representing
Charlottetown in the province of Prince Edward Island since June 26,
2003.

Senator Downe is currently a member of the Standing Senate Committee
on Foreign Affairs, the Standing Senate Committee on Internal Economy,
and the Executive Committee of the Canada-NATO Parliamentary
Association.

Since graduating from the University of Prince Edward Island in 1977,
Senator Downe has had the opportunity to serve at the provincial and
the federal level, more specifically as:

• Chief of Staff to the Prime Minister of Canada

• Director of Appointments, Office of the Prime Minister

• Executive Assistant to the Minister of Labour

• Executive Assistant to the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans

• Executive Assistant to the Secretary of State, Veterans Affairs and
ACOA

• Executive Assistant to the Premier of Prince Edward Island

Senator Downe lives in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island with his
spouse and their two children.

Contact Information

* Email: pdowne@sen.parl.gc.ca
* Phone: 613-943-8107
* Fax: 613-943-8109

* Personal Site: http://sen.parl.gc.ca/pdowne
* Parliamentary Profile

http://www.liberalsenateforum.ca/Senator/downep

=========================

Wednesday March 25th, 2009

Moncton Times & Transcript

Healthy Communities: Nature's role in the city

by Beth McLaughlin
HEALTHY COMMUNITIES

The presence of nature and greenery in a city reduces the "heat island
effect" of the city, helps eliminates the use of pesticides, reduces
the need for air conditioning, cleans the air, absorbs CO2 and
improves drainage!

Other services of "natural capital" are erosion and flood control and
protection from ultraviolet rays.

Green infrastructure adds beauty and attractiveness as well as a
certain pleasant atmosphere to any city.

Finally, factoring in the costs of nature's services is becoming a
common practice in the accounting world.

Improving the green infrastructure

With the death of the elm trees in the early 1990s, Moncton City
Council committed capital works funds for yearly planting of trees on
municipal lands and street right of ways (the green border between the
sidewalk and the curb).

"Last year, council developed a new policy and strategic plan to
provide the most benefit to the city's policies," explains Dan Hicks,
Supervisor of Parks and Grounds. An aerial survey identified 9,500
vacant planting sites. Now, one third of the trees are reserved for
public request. Two thirds of the allocated trees are planted by
random selection, but many are going first to the downtown over the
next 10 years, to be able to better fulfill the Downtown Vision.

Extra planting costs are incurred in the downtown area because
buildings are closer to the streets, the surfaces are more
impenetrable due to bricking and foundations, and the installation of
protective grates.

"We also have forest management plans for all forested city lands, we
have park bylaws that dictate what can and cannot be done within the
parks" adds Hicks. The "in the works" master plan for Parks and
Recreation will propose changes to the way parkland is zoned to better
protect parks and trails.

Climate change is bringing more frequent and intense rain storms. So
much of the city is more and more impenetrable with hard surfaces that
channeling rain water has become a serious challenge in Metro Moncton.
More emphasis on managing rain water to control water levels and flash
flooding translates to new engineering designs of streets and parking
lots, as well as storm sewer capture. All play a part, as does the
presence of green infrastructure.

Greenery, trees, bushes, and general vegetation slow the flow of
water, help to capture and allow water to percolate down, as well as
refilling wells and underground aquifers. In key city areas or on
residential lots where water collects in quantity during heavy rains,
building in landscaping features such as certain types of bushes or
trees and "rain gardens" will help prevent flooding and erosion, says
Dieppe urban planner Jean-Pierre Charron.

"A rain garden is a planted depression that allows rainwater runoff
from impenetrable urban areas like roofs, driveways, walkways, and
compacted lawn areas the opportunity to be absorbed. This reduces rain
runoff by allowing stormwater to soak into the ground. Rain gardens
can cut down on the amount of pollution reaching creeks and streams by
up to 30 per cent," says a Wikipedia entry on them. Water runoff from
streets is contaminated from cosmetic (lawn) pesticides, oil and
vehicle emissions. Percolation through soil helps clean water.

"Native plants are recommended for rain gardens because they generally
don't require fertilizer and are more tolerant of one's local climate,
soil, and water conditions. Wetland edge plants such as wildflowers,
sedges, rushes, ferns, shrubs and small trees -- take up excess water
flowing into the rain garden," Wikipedia says.

Subdivision construction

After flooding in new subdivisions occurred in Moncton in the last
decade, measures were introduced to take into account the volume of
rain falling in a forested area. Now, design in lot planning, street
building, preservation of greenery, and the 10 per cent reserved for
common purposes are integrated to take into account the volume of
average precipitation, bringing the amount to "zero net."

Greening around the city

Strategies to restore city ecology include planting fruit trees,
flowers and herbs. Dan Hicks, Supervisor of Parks and Grounds has used
edible plants at every opportunity, such as flowering crabapples and
hawthornes, highbush cranberries, blueberries, as well as flowering
kale, swiss chard, millet and even tomatoes from time to time. Their
presence also makes people think about where their food comes from.

"Indigenous plants require little care and little water and though we
don't have an official policy, our gardening staff are mostly all
graduates in horticulture and it's just good gardening sense," adds
Hicks.

Community Garden

The Community Garden near Rocky Stone Field on St. George Boulevard is
still active and has a waiting list! The YMCA is developing a
community garden. The U de M environmental group Symbiose did have a
community garden for many years but new construction on campus has put
the project on hold.

The future

Dan Hicks' biggest project is to ensure that tree planting and
preservation of trees are part of all new subdivision development
agreements. Some requirements for commercial applications exist now
but not for residential, where short- and long-term benefits could be
provided.

Dieppe would benefit from community gardens which are successful for
all age and income levels. With guidelines, they could be integrated
into the plan, says City Planner Jean-Pierre Charron. The City of
Dieppe is looking into a holistic plan for tree planting but needs
funds to back up the vision.

n Beth McLaughlin, of Moncton, has a Masters degree in Environmental
Studies and is a retired teacher. Her series will appear in this space
every Wednesday.

http://timestranscript.canadaeast.com/opinion/article/614174

=========================

March 25, 2009

Edmonton Journal

Why Canada needs a water policy

Humans are increasingly competing with ecosystems for limited amounts
of life-sustaining water. Sound water resource management may be the
key to Canada's future economic success

By R.W. Sandford, Freelance


The sun bakes the floor of this reservoir near Sacedon, Spain, which
is at a very low level of water due to drought.

The sun bakes the floor of this reservoir near Sacedon, Spain, which
is at a very low level of water due to drought.
Photograph by: Agence France-Presse; Getty Images, file, Freelance

The violent demonstrations that occurred last week at the World Water
Forum in Istanbul belie the seriousness of the global water crisis.

Currently, human population growth is the highest in places where
there is the least water. About 40 per cent of the Earth's land
surface receives so little precipitation that natural ecosystem
function is limited by water availability. Thus, we find that,
globally, one-third of humanity is now competing directly with nature
for water.

There is legitimate concern that in many parts of the world we cannot
meet both agricultural and urban needs, while at the same time
providing enough water to ensure the perpetuation of natural ecosystem
function.

As a consequence of growing populations and increased competition for
land and water, humanity is converging upon the need to make
uncommonly difficult public policy trade-offs that have never had to
be made on a global scale before.

If we provide to nature the water it needs to perpetuate our planetary
life-support system, then much of that water will have to come at the
expense of agriculture, which means that many people will have to
starve to meet ecosystem protection goals.

If, on the other hand, we provide agriculture all the water it needs
to have any hope of feeding the populations that are projected to
exist even in 2025, then we must expect ongoing deterioration of the
biodiversity-based ecosystem function that has generated Earth's
conditions upon which our society depends both for its stability and
sustainability.

Unfortunately, around the world we are already, often without fully
realizing it, making such choices.

IMPLICATIONS FOR CANADA

We will not be immune to what is happening elsewhere. The global water
crisis has enormous implications for Canada.

First, it puts into relief our own water resource management problems.
Our rapidly increasing urban populations, expanding agricultural and
industrial water needs, growing contamination problems and climate
change are now beginning to create the kinds of problems in parts of
Canada that have arisen widely elsewhere in the world.

Secondly, we are beginning to realize that as water scarcity affects
other food growing regions, more and more water is going to be
exported not in its liquid form but as virtual water embodied in food.

Given that the increasingly thirsty world will likely be relying upon
us more heavily than ever to meet increasingly unattainable global
food production goals, Canada's future economic success may well be
defined by how carefully and productively we manage our water
resources.

Before we can fix our own problems or begin to realize any opportunity
in what is happening elsewhere, however, we need to get our own house
in order.

In the context of water resources management our country's future
economic success could be defined in increasing measure by how
successful we are in improving the way we manage our water resources.

The first thing we need to do is to dispel the myth of limitless
abundance of water resources. We have been telling ourselves for
generations that we have 20 per cent of the world's fresh water, but
only 6.5 per cent of our water resources are renewed annually by the
hydrological cycle. Moreover, most of our water is in the north and
most Canadians live in the south.

KNOWING WHAT WE HAVE

We urgently need to improve the monitoring of surface and groundwater
quantity and quality. We also need to make the link between enhanced
monitoring and improved water availability forecasting and long-term
climate change prediction.

We also have to embrace eco-hydrological realities and come to
understand and protect ecosystems and ecosystem functions that
generate clean water.

To make food production in Canada sustainable, we have to solve our
own water availability and quality challenges related to agricultural
practices.

We have to reverse the growing eutrophication of our lakes,
watercourses and estuaries caused by widespread agricultural nutrient
loading, pesticide contamination and wetland draining. We have to
reassess policies with respect to biofuel production in the context of
their impact on water supply, land-use and the future availability of
productive farmland. We must also protect the long-term future of our
agriculture by improving our effectiveness in anticipating and
managing the growing likelihood of prolonged drought. In addition, we
need to actively anticipate future climate change impacts on both
water supply and quality.

We cannot rely simply on the invisible hand of the marketplace to
somehow make all of the necessary improvements happen. Well operating
markets depend upon a strong regulatory frameworks and functioning
government oversight. The same is true in the case of water utility
privatization.

Canadian policy-makers need to ask the same fundamental questions that
continue to be asked around the increasingly water-scarce world.

What is our water policy really about? Is it about market efficiency?
Is it about decentralization and local participation? Or is it about
sustainability? Or is it about all of these ideals?

Unfortunately, solving one of these problems is not enough.
International example suggests that the urgency we must address is
sustainability and only by addressing it can markets be brought into
line with any hope of creating an equitable and desirable future for
those who will occupy the planet after we are gone.

We cannot be successful in solving our own water problems or in
helping address the growing global water crisis through virtual water
export unless we can effectively summon the courage to reform our
nation's and our province's administratively fragmented and
jurisdictionally territorial water governance structures in service of
these goals.

FIRST THINGS FIRST

Moving prematurely toward markets without integrating them first into
the larger water management solutions could ultimately delay and
complicate necessary higher-level water-policy reform. The growing
desire to create water markets, however, could be the urgency that
realizes the need and creates badly needed deadlines for larger water-
policy reforms.

Unlike so many other places in the world, Canada still has room to
move in terms of how we manage our water resources. But the window of
opportunity for change will not be open long. Our planet's
hydrological regimes are changing. This is no time for half-measures.
What is needed now is strong government leadership.

If we can balance the water availability and quality needs of nature,
agriculture and our cities, everything else we need to do, including
climate change, may very well fall into line. If we don't, however, we
can expect the dry West to become drier and the problems that are
occurring elsewhere to occur here.

Bob Sandford is chairman of the Canadian Partnership Initiative in
support of the United Nations Water for Life Decade. He is also a
signatory, along with many of Canada's most prominent scientists and
water policy scholars, of the 2008 Canadian Pugwash and Science for
Peace Expert Roundtable Declaration calling for federal and provincial
water governance and policy reform in Canada
© Copyright (c) The Edmonton Journal


The sun bakes the floor of this reservoir near Sacedon, Spain, which
is at a very low level of water due to drought.

The sun bakes the floor of this reservoir near Sacedon, Spain, which
is at a very low level of water due to drought.
Photograph by: Agence France-Presse; Getty Images, file, Freelance

http://www.edmontonjournal.com/Technology/Canada+needs+water+policy/1425878/story.html

=========================
Warning Industry Propaganda Below
=========================

March 25, 2009

The National Post

Another 'Green Revolution'

Scientists believe that the planet's requirements for agricultural
production could be met through genetic modification --if
environmental activists don't keep it from happening

by Bjorn Lomborg, City Journal

Shortly after the Second World War, a "Green Revolution" began to
transform agriculture around the globe, allowing food production to
keep pace with worldwide population growth. By means of irrigation,
fertilizers, pesticides and plant breeding, the Green Revolution
increased world grain production by an astonishing 250% between 1950
and 1984, raising the calorie intake of the world's poorest people and
averting serious famines.

The revolution's benefits have tapered off, however, as the number of
mouths to feed has grown ever larger and as conventional breeding of
new plant varieties has produced diminishing returns. What's needed is
a new revolution. Luckily, most agricultural scientists believe that
the planet's requirements for agricultural production could be met
through genetic modification (GM) -- if environmental activists don't
keep it from happening.

The conventional plant breeding of the Green Revolution, itself a more
primitive form of GM, produced high-yielding strains of rice, corn and
wheat. These were "dwarf " versions of traditional crops with shorter
stems that performed better in irrigated, fertilized soil. American
agronomist Norman Borlaug introduced the high-yielding varieties to
Mexico, Pakistan and India and was eventually awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold
Medal. In a 2004 tribute on the occasion of Borlaug's 90th birthday,
the U. S. Senate declared, "It is very likely that Dr. Borlaug is
directly responsible for saving more lives than anyone else in the
20th century."

Today, continuing on GM's well-trodden path, biotechnology offers the
hope of increased food production with less environmental damage.
Where scientists once crossbred plants through a slow process of trial
and error to get the genes for a desired trait, today's breeders can
isolate precisely the genes they want and insert them directly into
the plant.

The possibilities are enormously exciting. Plants could grow
sustainably in areas left out of the first Green Revolution--in sub-
Saharan Africa, for example, where the need is great. Farmers could
grow plants that are resistant to disease or drought and don't need
chemical fertilizers. Genetic modification also offers the potential
of consumer-focused improvements, such as staple crops fortified with
extra nutrients.

Genetically modified food has been consumed for years by hundreds of
millions of American consumers. The crops are also grown in 22 other
countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China and India. The
International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications
estimates that more than 50 million farmers around the world planted
genetically modified crops last year. These crops include herbicide-
tolerant canola, allowing farmers to achieve higher crop yields and
use fewer chemicals; corn with a built-in natural insecticidal protein
to protect it from borer and root worm without spray insecticide; and
rice with extra iron and a protein that increases iron uptake, which
is especially promising because of the widespread problem of iron
deficiency.

Though no known health problems have resulted from eating crops
produced by GM, scare-mongering about the practice is widespread. In
much of Europe, the campaign against genetic modification has had
considerable success: England's Prince Charles proclaims with imperial
certainty that genetic modification is "guaranteed to cause the
biggest disaster environmentally of all time," and the specter of
"Frankenfood" has all but driven GM edibles from the European
marketplace.

More troubling, both Zimbabwe and Zambia have blocked food aid that
wasn't certified free of genetically modified material. During a
drought in 2002, Zambia's then-president, Levy Mwanawasa, rejected U.
S. food aid, saying that the hunger of his people was "no
justification to give them food that is intrinsically dangerous to
their health." It wasn't until Dec., 2005, that Zambia reversed course
in the face of further famine and allowed the importation of
genetically modified corn.

Such opposition to GM is particularly counterproductive now. In 2008,
malnutrition in mothers and their young children claimed 3.5 million
lives. Global food stocks reached historic lows last year, and food
riots erupted in West Africa and South Asia. Consumers in transitional
economies like China and India are demanding more than subsistence
diets, and drought has hindered Australian crop production. Progress
is distressingly slow on the United Nations' goal of halving the
proportion of hungry people by 2015.

Of course, before we adopt genetically modified foods, we should
always test them rigorously for their potential impact on the
environment and on people's health. But it would be criminal to
disregard the hope that biotechnology offers to the world's most
malnourished people.

"Some of the environmental lobbyists of the Western nations are the
salt of the Earth, but many of them are elitists," Borlaug once
memorably said, referring to critics squeamish about the tools that he
used during the Green Revolution. "They've never experienced the
physical sensation of hunger. They do their lobbying from comfortable
office suites in Washington or Brussels. If they lived just one month
amid the misery of the developing world, as I have for 50 years,
they'd be crying out for tractors and fertilizer and irrigation canals
and be outraged that fashionable elitists back home were trying to
deny them these things." - Bjorn Lomborg, an adjunct professor at the
Copenhagen Business School, is the author of The Skeptical
Environmentalist and Cool It: The Skeptical Environmentalist's Guide
to Global Warming.

Genetically modified corn being grown near Cairo, Egypt. Khaled
Desouki, AFP

© 2009 The National Post Company. All rights reserved.

http://www.financialpost.com/story.html?id=1424305

------------------

Bjorn Lomborg - SourceWatch Profile
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Bjorn_Lomborg

------------------

Wed, Mar 18 2009
Introducing the Flat Earth Society
Climate skeptics, there is a club for you.
Fellow blogger Jerry Cope of the Huffington Post just last week
interviewed Katherine Richardson, chair of the International Climate
Congress held in Copenhagen which prepares international lawmakers for
the upcoming COP 15. Jerry asked her about this, and she seemed to
indicate that it has a lot to do with media and the popular press. She
cited Fox News darling Bjorn Lomborg who always manages to get equal
air time because he adds an element of controversy.
http://www.mnn.com/technology/research-innovations/blogs/introducing-the-flat-earth-society

------------------

Fri, Mar 06 2009
Al Gore weathers confrontation at ECO:nomics summit
Gore kept his cool despite the bravado of the 'Skeptical
Environmentalist'.
http://www.mnn.com/technology/research-innovations/blogs/al-gore-weathers-confrontation-at-economics-summit

=========================

March 24, 2009

Salmon Arm Observer

Land process an option

Re: Warren Bell’s opinion column in the March 13 issue of the Shuswap
Market News.

Warren Bell is quite correct when he contends that “we must adopt a
whole new approach to chemical and molecular residues (in our sewage
waste-stream)”

Unfortunately, his assertions concerning the characteristics of land
treatment of sewage effluent are oversimplified and though thoughtful,
are, in part, scientifically unsupported.

In particular, the assertion that land treatment only postpones
effluent materials – including micro-organisms, viruses, inorganic
phosphates, nitrates and heavy metals, and a host of organic
materials, including pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and cosmetics –
reaching fresh water bodies unchanged, is in serious error.

A prominent researcher in this field, Termes, 2007, has stated that
most pharmaceuticals and inorganics are significantly biodegraded in
soils by the action of soil organisms and sunlight. The percentage
removal of many such materials from the waste-stream during land-
treatment range from 60 to 80 per cent, so that sewage effluent is
definitely not reaching freshwater unchanged, or merely postponed in
reaching said waters. That is, this chemical and biochemical
degradation of sewage effluent by the soil and its microbiological
processes follows directly from a consideration of soil ecology.

That small percentages of some effluent materials may reach freshwater
– even after land treatment is a matter of concern, however. For
example, Carbamazepine and Sulfamethoxazole remain relatively un-
degraded during land treatment due to their hydrophilic (water-loving)
chemical behaviour. Of course, it must be noted that at present, 100
per cent of pollutants, including the above-mentioned inorganics,
heavy metals, and organic pharmaceuticals, pesticides and cosmetics,
DO reach such freshwater, like Shuswap Lake, by direct sewage effluent
discharge, without land-treatment

And this is where human ecology and our cultural “dependence on
synthetic molecules and toxic minerals”, as Warren Bell nicely states
it, enters the equation.

Our ‘Human Ecological Footprint’ analyses are based on two safe
assumptions: 1. that the resources we consume come from the Earth –
that is, land and water environments and 2. that the wastes we
inevitably produce as we use and transform such resources, are
absorbed and recycled in these same environments. I say safe
assumptions, because obviously we don’t import resources from space
(except for the Sun’s energy), nor do we send our wastes into space.
That is, everything we use, or do, ecologically good or bad, is right
here with us here on Earth, as long as we are – no ifs or buts – those
are house-rules and ecos, and ecology means household, anyway.

So, Warren Bell’s valid concerns regarding our unhealthy dependence on
the synthetic chemical soup that our culture is immersed in, perhaps
could more meaningfully address the cultural roots of this dependence,
and as well, address those cultural attributes that permit – indeed
encourage – greater and greater population size, density and
consumption habits, which, acting together, have resulted in our
unsustainable ecological footprint (environmental impact) – including
production of dangerous wastes – in every environment we find
ourselves inhabiting.

In the meantime, as the principles of Warren Bell’s cited Swedish
natural step model of waste-management evolve, we could do no worse,
in our current imperfect world, than to accept the scientific evidence
that land treatment of sewage waste is ecologically and practically,
the lesser of the two evils now facing sewage waste management in a
consumer-oriented society.

Thomas J. Crowley

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More enforcement needed for pesticide spray regulations
The Western Star (Corner Brook) - Final - 10-01-2002 - 413 words
Karen Griffin - Judie Squires says someone needs to patrol the companies that spray residential areas for pesticides because she's observed nine violations of the Environmental Protection Act in her Paradise neighborhood alone


Spray woes: Province falling down on monitoring pesticides
The Telegram (St. John's) - Final - 10-01-2002 - 253 words
Judie Squires - environment to become poisoned? A temporary ban on all residential pesticides has to be put into place, to protect us, our wildlife and our environment as a whole. Judie Squires Paradise


Government lax on cosmetic pesticide regulation: advocate
The Telegram (St. John's) - 08-28-2004 - 613 words
Stokes Sullivan, Deana - Despite increased awareness about adverse health effects from pesticides, Judie Squires, a member of the Pesticide Working Group of Newfoundland and Labrador, isn't optimistic the province will ban cosmetic use


Woman doesn't expect cosmetic pesticide ban any time soon
The Western Star (Corner Brook) - 08-30-2004 - 712 words
Stokes Sullivan, Deana - Despite increased awareness about adverse health effects from pesticides, Judie Squires, a member of the Pesticide Working Group of Newfoundland and Labrador, isn't optimistic that the province will ban the


Province lagging behind in pesticide control
The Telegram (St. John's) - 09-04-2005 - 496 words
Squires, Judie - it to do is to prohibit the cosmetic use of synthetic pesticides altogether in order to protect our citizens and the environment. Judie Squires writes from Portugal Cove-St. Philip's


The two sides to pesticide use
The Telegram (St. John's) - 07-16-2006 - 781 words
Judie Squires - health of your families. When Canada's most respected health authorities tell us pesticides threaten our health, we should all be listening. Judie Squires writes from Portugal Cove-St. Philip's


Inquiry implicates BTk
The Telegram (St. John's) - 06-24-2006 - 353 words
DEANA STOKES SULLIVAN - of trees. The live spores can be inhaled by humans and animals exposed to BT. Judie Squires, secretary of the Northeast Avalon Group of the Sierra Club, says despite claims that


Delayed pesticide laws 'disappointing'
The Telegram (St. John's) - 06-24-2006 - 833 words
DEANA STOKES SULLIVAN - at the end of this year. These products will only be sold to certified dealers. Judie Squires, secretary of the newly formed Northeast Avalon Group of the Sierra Club, isn't


Above Articles available through Trancontinental Newsnet

Time for provincial lawn pesticide regulation
The Telegram (St. John's) - 03-14-2009 - 419 words
pesticides. Please join me in lobbying our province for a pesticide ban Judie Squires Portugal Cove...

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