Archived Information

WHY NEWFOUNDLAND SHOULD BAN PESTICIDES
 
Newfoundland is the ONLY Atlantic Canadian province with no pesticide protection. 

Current regulations are not providing enough protection.

Years have passed with no
provincial pesticide control to monitor pesticide use... In 2008 there were only two pesticide control personnel for the entire province... These positions were empty.  There are now 4-5 enforcement specialists for the entire province.  Many times these specialists are unavailable. 
 
Governments have the responsibility to protect their citizens. 

Over 80% of Canadians are protected from these poisons.
 
Children should be free from pesticide exposures while walking to school.

People have a right to be safe in their homes, free from pesticide exposures.

No one should be expected to leave their home to avoid pesticides conversely; no one should be kept a "prisoner" in one's home in order to avoid landscape pesticides.

Effective pesticide bans recognize that the proprietary interests of commercial businesses should never take precedence over the health of the public.

There are clear economic advantages to a "clean and green" province.
 

  
The Pesticide Spray Advisory is free public service.  This advisory reports the daily weather conditions as forecast on Environment Canada's website  between 6:30am and 8:00am for the St. John's Region.  The daily Pesticide Spray Advisory also includes the weather regulations that prohibit pesticide use as well as tips and hints based on federal & provincial regulations. 


Since 2004, the Pesticide Spray Advisory is provided as a service to governments, applicators and individuals to offer awareness of the regulations surrounding pesticide use.  Because of the inclement weather in Newfoundland there are very few days when pesticides can be legally applied.  Pesticide applicators must follow all Provincial, Federal and Municipal regulations.   These regulations have been put into place to provide minimal protection for our health, the environment, the operators and the public at large.

The Pesticide Spray Advisory and this website will offer public education and assist the public in understanding how to ensure that these regulations enforced until such time our government sees fit to protect us entirely from the dangers of these toxic substances.  Our government should be by following the advice of the many heath care professionals by prohibiting use of synthetic pesticides and promoting alternative lawn and garden care for the protection of our citizens and the environment.

The daily advisory will run from June 1st and will conclude on October 1st, however the information on this website will be maintained year-round and pesticides are often sprayed outside this time frame. 

Federal, Provincial & Municipal governments are responsible for regulating pesticides. The federal government, through Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency, is responsible for registration and classification of pesticides. The provincial government is responsible for ensuring those pesticides are used in an environmentally acceptable manner as outlined under the province’s Pesticide Control Regulations and Municipal Governments can place additional by-laws to further restrict pesticide use to protect their local citizens and the environment.  Learn more about the different levels of regulations by clicking on the links to the right.

Feel free to browse this site to find out more about pesticides and how you can help!

Thank you,

The Pesticide Spray Advisory is offered by individual voluntary efforts and is compliments of:
 
J. Squires
Freelance Writer, Researcher 
& Environmental Educator
(Researching pesticide issues since 1999)
 
All information is sourced and backed up with links.
  
If your media organization would like to offer coverage of the Pesticide spray advisory or If you have any questions feel free to send me an e-mail


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Many people feel they can not achieve a beautiful garden without pesticides. This is ludicrous.

Have a look at my low maintaince garden right here in Newfoundland which has never seen a poison and is home to birds, bees, butterflies. I have been told by local real estate agents that my garden has increased my property value by more than $20,000. It took some time to prepare the garden but once I established the plants I have little work to do.

I spend less than 5 hours each year caring for my garden. I seed with grass and clover every spring, rake off any dead grass, mow 3 to 5 times a year and lime in the fall. That's it. Do I have bugs...yes, a few but nothing problematic. Do I have weeds? Not a dandelion but many wildflowers and green plants including clover.

Do I have a healthy garden? You bet. And I don't need to spend time fussing over my garden with a clover lawn like emerald crushed velvet and the many hardy plants in my rock borders.


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Sensible Response to Pesticide Propaganda

Pesticide Companies Say:
Heath Canada approves pesticides and they are the experts so its safe to use.

Response:
  • Health Canada DOES NOT claim pesticides are safe.  Actually, Health Canada says that it is illegal in Canada to state that any pesticide is safe. Health Canada says "Keep children away from pesticides"  . . . "Pesticides are poisonous"  Click Here to Learn More about what Health Canada DOES  say
  • Neil McTiernan of the PMRA says Pesticide companies can't use words like "safe" or "government approved" to describe pesticides. CLICK HERE
  • According to The Regulatory Directive 96-02 it is Illegal to say a pesticide is safe. It is now illegal to claim that a pesticide is "natural," "organic" or "safe." The Regulatory Directive 96-02, dated March 15, 1996 further states:  "Vague and potentially misleading statements such as "environmentally friendly," "green," or "ozone friendly" must not be used as they cannot clearly indicate a specific benefit."  (For copies of the Directive call the Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada at 1-800-267-6315.)


Pesticide Companies Say:
The Pest Managent Regulatory Agency (PMRA) under Health Canada have expert scientists that study pesticides for safety.

Response:
  • The PMRA DOES NOT study pesticides.  They review studies provided by the pesticide companies.  Many pesticides were approved before current health standards.  The vast majority of the over 7000 pesticide ingredients registered in Canada were approved before 1995, most decades ago, before modern health safety standards were in place.  The PMRA have come under scrutiny as claims have been made that the PMRA's Advisory Committee representatives contain pesticide industry leaders.  As stated in the Standing Committee report there is undue influence of the pesticide industry on Health Canada's PMRA.
  • “To a certain extent, the PMRA is already a captive of the pesticide industry.  The Agency must rely on the data supplied by pesticide manufacturers in assessing whether or not to register their products since it has no independent, in-house testing capacity...The cost recovery fees collected by the PMRA represent approximately 30% of the Agency’s operating budget.  The PMRA’s heavy priorities might be skewed in favor of its revenue-generating activities [e.g. registering pesticides over those that do not generate revenue [e.g. promoting alternatives to pesticides, re-evaluating older pesticides and education the public about the risks of pesticide use]." (s.15.13, p.145). CLICK HERE
Pesticide Companies Say:
Everything is toxic.  Table salt and other food products can be more toxic than pesticides.

Response:

  • It is preposterous to suggest that edible products could even compare to pesticides.  It is true that even common substances like coffee or salt can become poisons if enormous amounts are consumed, but consumed is the key word. Most claims of toxicity on food products depend on if a person were to consume a large amount in one sitting.  A hypothetical challenge would be that I’ll eat the same amount of salt as you will pesticides…Hmmm I wonder what the outcome would be?  I say hypothetical as I cannot actually present this challenge as pesticide labels make clear statement not to consume the products; most pesticide labels make statements such as “DANGER POISON.  May be fatal if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through skin.  Wash hands thoroughly before eating drinking and smoking.  Use Chemical resistant clothing, gloves and mask when handling.”    
  • Not something I have seen on a box of salt.  Have you?  To read warnings on pesticide labels CLICK HERE for the PMRA label search.


Pesticide Companies Say:
Only small local groups of fear mongerers and drum bangers want pesticides banned.

Response:

  • Over 40% of Canada’s population is protected from pesticide use.  This accounts for more than 12 million Canadians.  Hardly a “small” group of people.  Reputable organizations such as the Ontario College of  Family  Physicians,  Canadian Lung Association,  Canadian Cancer  Society, Canadian  Association of  Physicians for the Environment  (CAPE) , Association of  Early  Childhood  Educators and the Newfoundland and Labrador Medical Association have called for pesticide bans based on their expertise; one surely couldn’t suggest that these medical professionals are fear-mongerers.
Pesticide Companies Say:
Pumping gas is more toxic because there is benzene in gas.

Response:

  • There are mixtures of ingredients in pesticides called "inerts".  Despite their misleading name, inerts are neither chemically, biologically, or toxicologically inert. One of the many trade secret ingredients to be found in pesticides is in fact benzene. CLICK HERE and CLICK HERE for a list of "inerts" in pesticides.
  • Children are not pumping gas, nor are pets. If people were spraying gasoline over their lawns and gardens, surely neighbours would complain, yet pesticides contain these same chemicals. 
  • Gasoline right now is essential for mobility, and has a clear benefit to society.  Pesticides on the other hand have NO clear benefit for use on lawns and gardens and is actually detrimental to society.


Pesticide Companies Say:
Homeowners have the right to protect their property and their property values may decrease if they stop using pesticides.

Response:
  • There are many alternatives to toxic pesticides.  Landscapes that reduce the amount of grass with beautiful features such as stones, shrubs, walkways, ponds and patios reduce maintaince are a very popular selling feature as they have greater street appeal than the standard pool-table lawn.  Organic gardens are a feature when selling a property. In fact, healthy homes often sell at 10% to 15% higher than standard homes and Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)  supports healthy homes. CLICK HERE

Pesticide Companies Say:
People have allergies to weeds so they have a right to use pesticides.

Response:
  • Pesticide companies are not doctors and have no right making medical claims.  Claiming that we need to use pesticides to kill pollen is a sure sign that they are not educated about asthma and allergies.  First, winds blow pollen from miles away, so spraying lawns will not eliminate pollen. Secondly, grass and trees are just as likely, if not more likely culprits as weeds for triggering pollen allergies. Children with allergies have compromised immune systems and should not be exposed to pesticides. In fact the Allergy and Environmental Health Association are calling for a ban on pesticides.  I would strongly suggest that individuals with allergies consult with their allergist/immunologist before considering pesticide use rather than taking the advice of a company selling pesticides. CLICK HERE for a list of links with information on how pesticides damage the immune system.


Pesticide Companies Say:
Mostly what is sprayed on a lawn is water only 5% of the application is pesticide.

Response:
  • Are companies suggesting that people are spending their hard earned money to have these companies water their lawn  . . . then why bother to spray at all?   Wouldn't that be a waste of money?  Yes pesticides are sold to companies in concentrated form and are mixed with water but even at a 5% mixture rate it is still potent and toxic.  If it is potent enough to kill weeds and insects, it is erroneous to suggest that it is practically water.
  • Although it does raise another concern. With water shortages each summer, where do these companies acquire the millions of liters required for their businesses?

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Pesticide Files 2002-2007

This file contains the following information and is available for review to anyone interested in the possible legalities involving pesticides in this province.
Pesticide Files 2002 – 2007

2002
● G eneral e-mails
● Pesticide Control in other provinces
● L etters to the Editor
● V iolations 2002
● R esearch
2003
● Violations 2003
2004
● P rovincial pesticide discussion paper
● P ROPOSED CHANGES TO PESTICIDES CONTROL REGULATIONS (Judie Squires)
● T HREATS TO HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT FROM THE NON-ESSENTIAL COSMETIC USE OF
PESTICIDES NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR PESTICIDES WORKING GROUP
● V iolations 2004
● G eneral e-mails
● M edical officer of health
● N LMA
● P MRA
● A rticles & Research
2005
● M inister announces changes to P esticides Control Regulations
● O NTAIRO COLLEGE OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS REPORT
● P esticide Spray Advisory
● L etters to the Editor 2005
● V iolations 2005
● P esticide annual Report
● R esearch & Articles 2005
● P roceedings of the Standing Senate Committee onSocial Affairs, Science and Technology
● N LMA ban
● E mails 2005
2006
● E mails 2006
● M unicipal Pesticides
● C omplaints & Violations
● R esearch & Articles 2006
● L etters to the editor
● S pray Advisory 2006
Images

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NL Annual Pesticide Summaries

Below is a file containing the provincial files showing the landscape pesticides used in our province by commercial applicators each season from 2004 to 2007.
These files do not include pesticides used for agriculture or pesticides sold in stores.
Please also take note to the Diazanon use within the above files and refer to the Health Canada document Below:

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Reduced Neighbor Notification

Please refer to THIS PAGE then read the info below and listen to the interview with the minister...Something is wrong here... Really wrong.
On October of 2008 a pesticide spray occurred within 15 meters of my home.  I was not notified.   I sent in a complaint to the department...
"While in the area I suggest you check to see if the other neighbors were notified.  There is no excuse for this and now I have to spend my days indoors with my clothes left out on the line and my lawn half mowed.  I had been outdoors at the time and expect that there be no excuses taken for this "error".  I also ask that you look into taking special measures to have a pesticide-free zone on my road to ensure that this does not happen again.  I have a right to breathe clean air and enjoy my property without this chemical trespass. Oh and one more thing...This was a full application as I witnessed it from my bedroom window and the entire lawn was sprayed taking approximately 30-35 minutes.  Again, I would like to know what was the problem which was being treated and I would like for you to inspect this property for the said "problem".
 The department arrived and I filled out a 2 page witness statement. They measured to ensure I was within 15 meters.  I was.  They did not see any signs of problems with this lawn.  Pesticides are not a preventative.

I recently asked for an update, some 8 months later...

"Could you please send me the information on how you have proceeded with this violation since October of last year.  I would also like to remind you that the neighbor notification regulation was reduced from 50m to 15m because the minister at that time (Clyde Jackman) stated that the department takes their regulations seriously and that this reduction would "ensure" neighbor notification.  Please see attached CBC radio file.  None of the other neighbors within 15m were notified of this spray so the explanation of "calling the wrong person" simply doesn't sit well with me.  It is mandatory that companies contact ALL neighbors, not just me."

 Their response was...

"With respect to this complaint, we have determined that there simply is not enough evidence to proceed with this matter in court. We have previously laid charges against other companies with regards to not properly notifying neighboring homeowners. Through these court proceedings, we have learned what will and what won’t get a conviction in court. We do not believe that we have enough evidence to get a successful conviction in this matter."

Please listen to the 2008 interview with the minister: CLICK HERE

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DID YOU KNOW

The lack of adequate protection from exposure to cosmetic pesticides at the federal and provincial level has fueled a growing stream of municipal pesticide restrictions designed to offer some protection of the environment, water quality and public health.

more than 80% of Canadians are protected from toxic residential pesticides.

Almost every province in Canada has municipalities that have enacted pesticide bylaws, including the entire province of Quebec, Ontario and now New Brunswick.

Regrettably, Newfoundland is not one of those provinces. only one municipality in Newfoundland and Labrador has taken steps toward giving our citizens that same level of protection.
 
over 50% of Canadians have now been protected from pesticides. 
 
Newfoundland & Labradoreans have not been offered this same level of protection.
 

 
Municipal By-laws & Compliance
 
Congradulations to councillors and residents of Glenburnie-Birchy Head-Shoal Brook, NL on being the first municipality in Newfoundland & Labrador to pass a pesticide bylaw! 

At present 400 Newfoundland & Labradoreans are protected from pesticides.   1 municipality has taken a stand to protect their citizens, it's time for the rest of NL municipalities to look to the town Glenburnie-Birchy Head-Shoal Brook as a role model...Lets protect all Newfoundland & Labrador citizens.
 
NL Municipalities CAN ban pesticides!

·    The Canadian courts system have already determined that municipalities have the right and responsibility to pass a by-law prohibiting the cosmetic use of pesticides in order to promote the health of its inhabitants. Therefore, municipalities cannot be sued for having passed such a bylaw.

·    In my opinion, Municipalities in Canada not only have the right but also the responsibility to govern pesticides within their municipal limits. In June, 2001 Supreme Court of Canada, during the Hudson Quebec case, ruled that municipalities across Canada have the right to ban pesticide use on public and private property. This decision gives municipalities a green light to enact bylaws to restrict the use of pesticides for cosmetic purposes in order to protect human health and the environment.

It seems that the resistance in our province is coming from the false assumption that our municipalities act does not have a section "allowing" this to occur. The Supreme Court of Canada overrules all other decisions, allowing municipalities that right and responsibility. Other municipalities, for example, ShediacNB, also had no outline in their municipalities act but went ahead and enacted a bylaw anyway, relying on the Supreme Court decision. They did this for the protection of their citizens.
According to the Newfoundland and Labrador municipalities act:
404. (1) A council may make an order that

(j) a person who causes a nuisance contrary to the regulations of the council cease causing that nuisance;

(l) that the owner or occupier of real property remove from that property, solid waste, noxious substances and substances or things which may be a hazard to public health and safety or which adversely affects surrounding
properties.

AND


178. A council may remove from real property solid waste, noxious substances and anything that poses a hazard to public health and safety or adversely effects the amenities of the surrounding property, and charge the owner or
occupier of the real property for the costs of its collection and disposal.

·    The Canadian Environmental Law Association makes statements regarding the Hudson Quebec Case and the Canadian municipal rights that:
Intervenors' Factum of Law to the Supreme Court of Canada Regarding the Hudson, Quebec Pesticide By-law

Section 16 - Page 8

"Nuisance Prevention" Provisions

16. Most provinces provide their municipalities with the power to enact nuisance prevention provisions, including in relation to public nuisances.

·    Municipalities must continue to be able to deal with activities that develop and eventually are perceived and appreciated to be problematic to others in the community. The basis of these concerns may be health based, because of nuisance impacts, because of environmental impacts, or for other reasons. Once there is a community of concern, it is legitimate for the municipal council to act. In applying pesticides to his or her property, a private owner is unable to limit the impacts and extent of that activity to the borders of his or her own property.
·    On March 8th 2006 I received a response from the NL Federation of Municipalities:

“Our response is that a municipal government can impose any regulation they choose…
The resolution could simply ask that the Municipalities Act be amended to include a general health and welfare provision allowing municipalities to act in the best interest of their residents where such actions do not contravene existing federal or provincial laws.

Craig Pollett, Executive Director
Newfoundland and Labrador Federation of Municipalities

Creating Municipal By-laws
Turn-Key Pesticide by-law offers help for municipalities
Municipalities no longer need to be apprehensive regarding pesticide by-laws.  The presenter and president Micheline Lévesque has 30 years experience as a biologist and has worked in the fields of sustainable plant care.  Alternative Environmental Solution; a Canadian company that has helped over 30 municipalities develop tools and practices to adopt pesticide by-laws.

Micheline Lévesque explains how they can help any municipality offer a healthier sustainable future with their turn-key pesticide bylaw kit.

Alternative Environmental Solution will work with municipalities from the initial stage of drafting a by-law that works; so there is no need to reinvent the wheel.   They will launch education campaigns, working with residents and businesses in the municipality.  They offer eco-advisors and control officers to educate the public on alternatives and to enforce the pesticide bylaw minimizing the challenge municipalities face with enforcement and compliance by citizens and lawn care companies.  The combination of by-laws with education, warning letters, escalating fines, and home visits with horticultural tips has enabled these communities to reduce pesticide use by up to 90% for safer healthier communities.
Also the Sierra Club of Canada - Atlantic Canada Chapter offers municipalities an informative Achieving a Pesticide Bylaw Toolkit.
Please inform your municipality of the above information and ask your Newfoundland municipality to act now on pesticides!


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DO YOU KNOW THE PROVINCIAL PESTICIDE REGULATIONS? 

Wind speeds

Wind must be between 2 and 15 km/hr for lawn applications & winds must be between 2 and 10km/hr for trees taller than 3 meters

Air Temperature

temperature must be below 25oC

Rain

It must not raining nor is rain anticipated over the next 2 hour period

Humidity

The relative humidity must be above 50%

Water Body Buffer Zones

pesticide regulations and labels state not to contaminate water bodies and wells, many pesticides can not be sprayed near water and residential wells

24hr Neighbor Notification

When a pesticide spray activity is to occur, the applicator must give verbal or written notification to all neighboring properties within 15 meters 24 hours in advance of the spray activity.

NOTE:  The above information called "Neighbor Notification" has been changed from 50m to 15m.  Please visit the tab to the right called "REDUCED PROTECTION" for more information.
Provincial Legislation & Compliance
The provincial government is responsible for ensuring pesticides are used in an environmentally acceptable manner as outlined under the province’s Pesticide Control Regulations.

Environment Canada states that a province can ban pesticides:  “A province cannot decide to use a chemical if the federal government has not registered it.  A province does have its own registration process, however, and can effectively ban the use of a pesticide in its own jurisdiction even though it has been federally approved.”

Acts and Regulations
* Additional pesticide summaries are available for each year...If you calculate the amount of pesticides used as compared to the number of days companies were legally permitted to spray due to weather conditions you will clearly see that pesticides are being applied in an illegal manner in our province without consequence.



Letter dated July 30th 2007:

To:

Honourable Clyde Jackman
Minister of Environment and Conservation

Honourable Ross Wiseman
Minister of Health and Community Services

Honourable Tony Clement
Minister of Health

Mayors and Councilors of NL Municipalities

All members of government and friends,


Recently I requested the Annual Pesticide Summary from the Newfoundland Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation.  The 2006 summary is not yet available; however I had received a copy of the 2005 summary.

This summary lists the products used in one season by commercial pesticide applicators.  It does not include agricultural pesticides or those sold in stores to homeowners.

The summary:
·         Is for one season of pesticide applications;
·         Depends on companies submitting a list of the products that they used for the year;
·         Only includes pesticides used by commercial applicators;
·         Does not include agricultural pesticides or store-bought pesticides .


Upon reviewing this summary, I wondered to myself, has Minister Jackman or Minister Wiseman read the labels of these products?

While the PMRA registers products for use, they do not make any claims of safety on any pesticide product. It is actually illegal in Canada to state any pesticide is safe or government-approved.  Although it seems that Minister Jackman is under the false impression that pesticides are somehow safe and government "approved".

  • Health Canada does not claim pesticides are safe.  Actually, Health Canada says that it is illegal in Canada to state that any pesticide is safe. Health Canada says "Keep children away from pesticides"  . . . "Pesticides are poisonous"  Learn More about what Health Canada does say
  • Neil McTiernan of the PMRA says Pesticide companies can't use words like "safe" or "government approved" to describe pesticides. CLICK HERE
  • According to The Regulatory Directive 96-02 it is Illegal to say a pesticide is safe. It is now illegal to claim that a pesticide is "natural," "organic" or "safe." The Regulatory Directive 96-02, dated March 15, 1996 further states:  "Vague and potentially misleading statements such as "environmentally friendly," "green," or "ozone friendly" must not be used as they cannot clearly indicate a specific benefit."   (For copies of the Directive call the Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada at 1-800-267-6315.) 
I have examined the Annual Pesticide Summary and have spent many hours categorizing and calculating the commercial pesticides used in our province for 2005.  I invite everyone to review the summary and I ask that ministers respond to my questions, feel free to ask any questions as well.

I have taken each product number and hyperlinked it to the corresponding product label and highlighted the number with a specific color that corresponds with the warning on that product label.  You will also notice that some of the trade names have been highlighted in blue.  This indicates a water contamination warning on the label with the corresponding warning added to each blue label by simply running your cursor over the red mark in the corner.

I have also categorized each product by active ingredient and type.  I then calculated the total volume used, converted them into a common measurement and then calculated the approximate mixture rate.  Also added into the chart is the Spray Advisory for the summer of 2005, this can be confirmed by contacting Environment Canada for a copy of their weather archives for 2005.

Minister Jackman: 
After you have taken the time to review this chart, please answer the following questions:

  1. Why is it that there were only two days (18 at most factoring in weekends) in the St. John's area where the weather conditions permitted pesticides to be sprayed?  Although I know that this does not include the rest of the provinces weather conditions, I am confident that if you check the archives for the entire province, the weather patterns will be similar.  With so few suitable days for pesticide application why were millions of pounds of pesticides used?  If you look at the herbicides alone, the numbers are astounding.  If your department reviewed its own data you should have discovered clear violations of weather conditions. Weather conditions are very important as inclement weather will cause pesticides to drift, leach and volatilize greater distances contaminating our air and water.  Why are you permitting these weather violations?

  1. Why is it that the provincial pesticide Terms and Conditions & Landscape Attachment only contain three active ingredients with water body buffer zones? (Metalaxyl -50m, Quintozene-50m and Diazinon -100m).  If you had reviewed your own data, it is clear that many more pesticide ingredients have even greater warnings on water contamination. For example, the label on products containing Triclopyr clearly state "a buffer zone should be maintained to prevent overspray and drift...Highly toxic to fish", yet your department has not identified a buffer distance for this and other pesticides that contaminate water. Please explain. Our water and fish are vital to life and livelihoods in our province.

  1. With water bans each summer due to low water supplies, how do you explain the environmental impact on our water resources from pesticide companies using such great amounts of water for their businesses?   If citizens were allowed to water their lawns more often they would have healthier grass, yet common citizens are given restrictions on water when these companies are permitted to profit from using over nine-hundred thousand (almost a million) liters of water to mix with concentrated poisons in just one season.   This is our precious water supply.

  1. Now that you have read the labels and the health warnings, do you still believe these products are safe for wide-spread use in urban areas?

A Question to Health Canada, Minister Tony Clement : Am I correct in saying that it is a federal offence to use a pesticide (control product) in a manor that is not in accordance with label directions?  If this is the case what action should be taken with a provincial minister who not only admits to allowing provincial pesticide violations and reducing our protection to meet industry demands, but also openly admits to not following federal pesticide labels himself? (CBC interview with Minister Jackman. LISTEN HERE. Notable sections: 1:15 - regulation was not being followed, 2:10 - spraying went ahead without proper notification and 3:09 - uses himself as an example).   This concerns me greatly when a person of authority in a position of environment and health are portraying ignorance and haphazardness rather than being a well-informed role model for society.

Minister Wiseman: Now that you have reviewed the toxicity of pesticides used in our province, please use your authority under the Health and Communities Services Act and ban the use of pesticides for use on lawns and gardens.   Our people, our pets, our precious water, wildlife and fish supply depend on those who will take a stand to offer the protection we all deserve.


11. (1) The minister may make regulations
(u)  prohibiting, limiting or regulating the use, storage and transportation of noxious materials, including pesticides, and fertilizers dangerous to the public health;

To all Mayors and Councilors in municipalities across the province of Newfoundland Labrador, please review the summary attached with the warnings on these products, scan through my website, educate yourselves on pesticides and then decide if your families, your citizens and your future deserves greater protection from these poisons then what is being offered provincially.   Municipalities can and should ban pesticides to protect their citizens and environment.

To all others on this mailing list, please take the time to review the Annual Pesticide Summary and the product labels and warnings and then ask yourself, is our government is doing enough to protect us? Then please take the time to speak with your municipality and write to the province and voice your concerns.   A legal opinion would be great if there are any lawyers out there who would like to comment.
  
For more information on pesticides from reputable sources, links to Provincial and Federal regulation and non-toxic alternatives for individuals and companies please visit my website.


Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world.  Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.

Thank you,

Judie Squires
Freelance Writer, Researcher
& Environmental Educator.

www.sprayadvisory.webs.com
 



Please use PMRA ELSE for Label information

I decided to investigate 5 active ingredients for their ability to pollute water. 

From the labels on PMRA ELSE here are my findings:


Products containing the active ingredient SYNTHETIC PERMETHRIN such as AMBUSH state:

“ THIS PRODUCT IS VERY TOXIC TO FISH.  DO NOT CONTAMINATE PONDS, LAKES STREAMS OR RIVERS DURING SPRAYER FILLING OR RINCING OPERATIONS, OR WHILE SPRAYING”  It is also recommended that this product not be applied within 100m from a body of water.

Products containing the active ingredient CARBARYL such as SEVIN state:

Several studies show that carbaryl is also toxic to the nervous system and a likely carcinogen, affecting fish much in the same way as Dursban and diazinon. People are exposed to carbaryl when they come into contact with treated lawns or eat fish that have absorbed the chemical. “AVOID CONTAMINATION OF WATER SUPPLIES, STREAMS AND PONDS.”  
“Avoid drifting of spray onto any body of water”  “This product is extremely toxic to aquatic invertebrates”

Products containing the active ingredients 2,4-D AND DICAMBA such as KILLEX and Trillion state:

“Do not contaminate streams, lakes ponds, irrigation water, water used for livestock or domestic purposes”

Products containing the active ingredient CHLORPYRIFOS such as LORSBAN AND DURSBAN state:

“This product is toxic to birds and wildlife, and extremely toxic to fish and aquatic organisms”  “THIS PRODUCT IS VERY HIGHLY TOXIC TO FISH AND OTHER AQUATIC ORGANISMS, SUCH AS AQUATIC INSECTS AND CRUSTACEANS”

Some formulations containing CHLORPYRIFOS state on the label:
“DO NOT APPLY IN AREAS WHERE THERE MAY BE POTENTIAL EXPOSURE TO BYSTANDERS.  This product should be applied at an apropiate distance from residences, HOSPITALS, SCHOOLS, PARKS, PLAYFIELDS, AND PLAYGROUNDS.



Other Provincial Acts and Regulations
Activities involving the use of pesticides may also be regulated by other legislation:


All pesticide operators and their applicators must comply with the stipulations indicated below:
All pesticide operators and their applicators must comply with the General Stipulations - Term and Conditions PDF (202 KB).
Additional stipulations are provided for operators and their applicators undertaking the following programs:

 Professional Applicators
Professional pesticide applicators are required to complete a few hours of study and an exam at the cost of $20.

Click on the links below to review the applicator study material.

PDF Note: all links below are PDFs and will open in a new window excluding the Act and Regulations.
The Landscape Safety Manual is also available in printed version at the Queen's Printer.
 Environment & Conservation Government of Newfoundland & Labrador
Department Contacts
Pesticides Control Section
Department of Environment and Conservation
P.O. Box 8700
St. John's, NL
A1B 4J6
Ph #: (709) 729-2556
Toll Free Ph #: (800) 563-6181
Fax #: (709) 729-6969

Pesticides Control SectionDepartment of Environment and Conservation
P.O. Box 8700
St. John's, NL
A1B 4J6

Ph #: (709) 729-2556
Toll Free Ph #: (800) 563-6181

Fax #: (709) 729-6969

Karen Linfield
Manager of Pesticide Control Section     
Tel: 709 729-3395
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: karenlinfield@gov.nl.ca

George Ingram
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist     
Tel: 709 729-2565
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: Georgeingram@gov.nl.ca

Mike Bannister
Pesticides Licensing & Enforcement Officer        
Tel: 709 729-1019
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: MichaelEBannister@gov.nl.ca

Terry Gedge
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander)  
Tel: 709 256-1175
Fax: 709 256-1132
Email: terrygedge@gov.nl.ca

Harry Pat Day
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander)   Tel: 709 256-1125
Fax: 709 256-1095
Email: HarryDay@gov.nl.ca

Calvin Sparkes
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist     
Tel: 709 729-5707
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: calvinsparkes@gov.nl.ca
Manager of Pesticide Control Section
Tel: 709 729-3395
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: karenlinfield@gov.nl.ca

George Ingram
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist
Tel: 709 729-2565
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: Georgeingram@gov.nl.ca

Mike Bannister
Pesticides Licensing & Enforcement Officer
Tel: 709 729-1019
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: MichaelEBannister@gov.nl.ca

Terry Gedge
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander)
Tel: 709 256-1175
Fax: 709 256-1132
Email: terrygedge@gov.nl.ca

Harry Pat Day
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander) Tel: 709 256-1125
Fax: 709 256-1095
Email: HarryDay@gov.nl.ca

Calvin Sparkes
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist
Tel: 709 729-5707
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: calvinsparkes@gov.nl.ca

Karen Linfield
Manager of Pesticide Control Section
Tel: 709 729-3395
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: karenlinfield@gov.nl.ca

George Ingram
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist
Tel: 709 729-2565
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: Georgeingram@gov.nl.ca

Mike Bannister
Pesticides Licensing & Enforcement Officer
Tel: 709 729-1019
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: MichaelEBannister@gov.nl.ca

Terry Gedge
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander)
Tel: 709 256-1175
Fax: 709 256-1132
Email: terrygedge@gov.nl.ca

Harry Pat Day
Pesticides Enforcement & Licensing Specialist (Gander) Tel: 709 256-1125
Fax: 709 256-1095
Email: HarryDay@gov.nl.ca

Calvin Sparkes
Pesticide Enforcement & Licensing Specialist
Tel: 709 729-5707
Fax: 709 729-6969
Email: calvinsparkes@gov.nl.ca


Executive Office

Honourable Ross Wiseman

Minister
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 729-2577
Fax: (709) 729-0112

Donna Maidment

Secretary (Minister)
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 729-2577
Fax: (709) 729-0112

Bill Parrott

Deputy Minister
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 729-2572
Fax: (709) 729-0112
 
Secretary (Deputy Minister)
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 729-2572
Fax: (709) 729-0112

Martin Goebel

Assistant Deputy Minister - Environment
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 729-2559
Fax: (709) 729-7413

Ross Firth

Assistant Deputy Minister - Natural Heritage
Executive Branch
Department of Environment and Conservation
Tel: (709) 637-2135
Fax: (709) 637-2180
 
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

DID YOU KNOW

According to Report of the Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development presented to parliament in 2000

"To a certain extent, the PMRA is already a captive of the pesticide industry.

The Agency must rely on the data supplied by pesticide manufacturers in assessing whether or not to register their products since it has no independent, in-house testing capacity.

The Agency must also rely on the registration fees provided by pesticide manufacturers under its cost recovery program (discussed in greater detail in the Chapter entitled "The Funding Dilemma").

The cost recovery fees collected by the PMRA represent approximately 30% of the Agency's operating budget.

The PMRA's heavy reliance on registration fees to carry out its functions has of course given rise to concerns that its priorities might be skewed in favour of its revenue-generating activities."


Federal Legislation & Compliance


The federal government, through Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency, is responsible for registration and classification of pesticides.

But are pesticides safe?
Q: Is it correct to say that pesticide use is 'safe'? If so, in which part of  the Pest Control Products Act governing pesticides would this indication be  found?
PMRA (Health Canada) Answer: It is not appropriate or legal to say a control product (pesticide) is 'safe'.
According to The Regulatory Directive 96-02 it is Illegal to say a pesticide is safe. It is now illegal to claim that a pesticide is "natural," "organic" or "safe." The Regulatory Directive 96-02, dated March 15, 1996 further states:  "Vague and potentially misleading statements such as "environmentally friendly," "green," or "ozone friendly" must not be used as they cannot clearly indicate a specific benefit."  (For copies of the Directive call the Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada at 1-800-267-6315.)

 

Federal Acts and Regulations which reference pesticides

Label Search
By law, pesticide labels must contain certain kinds of information. Pesticide applicators have the legal responsibility to read, understand and follow the label directions. Quite often, pesticide applicators and homeowners fail to take the time to read or follow the specified safety precautions that the label provides. To protect yourself and the environment, read the label - it's the law!

The PMRA offers a flexible tool that allows users to search for very specific pesticide information from the labels.



Department Contacts

PMRA
1-800-267-6315
Fax:(613) 736-37982720

Riverside Drive
OttawaOntario

A.L. 6606D2
K1A 0K9

Mr. Neil McTiernan Regional Manager
Atlantic Region
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
Health Canada
5th Floor, c/o CFIA
1081 Main Street
P.O. Box 6088
Moncton, New Brunswick  E1C 8R2
Telephone: (506) 851-7876
Fax: (506) 851-2689
Toll-free (information): 1-866-225-0709
TTY Toll-free (hearing impaired): 1-800-267-1245
E-mail: mctiernann@inspection.gc.ca
Web site: 
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index_e.html


Minister
The Honourable Leona Aglukkaq, P.C., M.P.
Health Canada
Brooke Claxton Building, Tunney's Pasture
Postal Locator: 0906C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9




My opinion from the information & research I have gathered:
 
As a starting place, it is crucial to understand that the Federal Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is a branch of Health Canada and is responsible for registering pesticides for use in Canada. Registration by the PMRA does not mean that a pesticide is safe. In fact the Pest Control Products Act prohibits claiming a pesticides as safe. 

From what I have gathered, the PMRA does not base the use of pesticides on health or safety. Instead, it is bases on risk-benefit analysis.  In other words, hazardous pesticides can be registered as long as they offer enough economic benefits. It is nearly impossible to do a sound risk-benefit analysis as there is no satisfactory way to weigh the costs of human health against the profit margins of chemical manufacturing companies.

The registration process of pesticides in Canada ignores many important effects.

Pesticides are registered while important health and safety data are still being generated & re-evaluations of old pesticides mandated by laws passed prior to modern standards are still incomplete.

The vast majority of the over 7000 pesticide ingredients registered in Canada were approved before 1995, most decades ago, before modern health safety standards were in place. While the Pest Control Products Act was updated in 2002 to reflect improved modern health standards, the new health standards still do not take into account the many effects of pesticides on children and those with health challenges.

Tests are paid for by Chemical Companies
The PMRA does not have any independent in-house testing capacity.  It relies on the data supplied by the manufactures.  The PMRA then reviews and approves pesticides if the studies submitted by the pesticide companies show that the probability of risk is "acceptable" (according to animal studies that do not accurately reflect the effects on humans) and that the product does what it is advertised to do (that is, it kills the target species). Pesticides may never be required to be tested for certain kinds of hazards especially those directly related to human health. Since it is the pesticide company’s responsibility to have the scientific testing done and then submit the results to the Pest Management Regulatory Agency, it is questionable whether studies that are paid for by the companies are truly unbiased.

Synergistic Effects Not Tested

The PMRA registration and review process is not adequate to assess the health risks posed to human exposure. The scientific evaluations are mostly done on individual "active ingredients", not on the final product that often includes pesticide mixtures.  The non-active (so-called “inert”) ingredients in pesticide formulations are often up to 90% of the ingredients.  Pesticide companies are not required to disclose what the actual pesticide formulation as the ingredients are often “trade secrets”.  Yet they are often substances that are also considered to be toxic or harmful.  
 

-----------------------------------------------

Lawn & Garden Pesticides - Reducing Harm
Adverse Health Effects Of Pesticides

Lawn & Garden Pesticides - Reducing Harm"
To purchase a copy of this video, please visit:
 
Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment
 

Medical Professionals and organizations calling for Municipal Pesticide By-laws include:
  • Allergy and Environmental Health Association
  • Allergy Asthma Information Association
  • Association of Early Childhood Educators, Ontario
  • Board of Trustees, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario
  • Breast Cancer Prevention Coalition
  • Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment
  • Canadian Cancer Society
  • Canadian Environmental Law Association
  • Canadian Federation of University Women
  • Canadian Institute of Child Health
  • Canadian Labour Congress
  • Canadian Liver Foundation
  • Canadian Nurses Association
  • Canadian Pediatric Society -- former President Dr. Robin Walker
  • Canadian Physiotherapy Association
  • Canadian Public Health Association
  • Canadian Society for Environmental Medicine
  • Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides
  • Great Lakes United
  • Health Action Network Society
  • Humane Society of Canada
  • International Institute of Concern for Public Health
  • Learning Disabilities Association of Canada
  • The Learning Disabilities Association of Niagara
  • The Lung Association of Nova Scotia
  • Many Medical Officers of Health
  • New Brunswick Lung Association
  • Newfoundland & Labrador Medical Association
  • Nova Scotia Canadian Institute for the Blind
  • Nova Scotia College of Family Physicians
  • Nova Scotia Government Employees Union
  • Ontario College of Family Physicians
  • Ontario Nature
  • Ontario Public Health Association
  • Ottawa and District Labour Council
  • Pesticide Exposure Group of Sufferers
  • Pesticide Free Ontario
  • Physicians from CHEO
  • Prince Edward County Federation of Naturalists
  • Registered Nurses Association of Ontario
  • Dr. Rob Rutledge, oncologist at the QE II Medical Centre (Halifax area)
  • Sierra Club of Canada
  • Toronto Board of Health
  • Toronto Environmental Alliance
  • United Steel Workers of America
  • Dr. Vance L. Trudeau, Associate -- Professor of Biology, University of Ottawa
  • Women’s Healthy Environments Network
  • World Wildlife Fund

  • Reviewing more than 250 recent studies from around the world, they found consistent links between pesticides and serious illnesses such as cancer, reproductive problems and neurological diseases. They found that children were especially vulnerable.
  • The Canadian Cancer Society has actively supported efforts in cities across Canada to ban the use of pesticides for ornamental purposes.
  • The Canadian Institute of Child Health are asking that all municipalities pass by-laws and regulations that better protect the health of Canadian children by reducing their exposure to pesticides to the unavoidable minimum.
  •  Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment has been active in informing the public about the health effects of pesticides, and has worked with other groups to push for legislation that reduces the use of pesticides. CAPE's position on pesticides and video are available on their web site. 
  •  The risks of landscape pesticides are well outlined in the Toronto Public Health report and the Ontario college of family physicians report. There are known human health and environmental effects, and many more suspected effects.
  • A renowned U.S. scientist, Louis Guilette was in Ontario recently where he discussed his documented fertility and sex changes -- including decreasing penis size due to pesticide exposure.
  • According to Dr. Nicole Bruinsma of the Canadian Public Health Association, women accumulate contaminants in their bodies and excrete them in breast milk thus subsequently passing them on to the newborn. The most dangerous contaminants for the child are those which affect brain development because of the brain's rapid growth at this stage such as pesticides.
  • Rob Rutledge, a Radiation Oncologist at the Nova Scotia Cancer Centre, at the QE II Health Centre who specializes in breast, prostate and pediatric cancers.  He addressed the relationship between pesticides and cancer. He said cancer is not the only health effect of pesticides. There are immune-allergy effects, neurological-developmental effects, respiratory effects including asthma, dermatology effects and reproductive effects.
  • Theo Colborn, Ph.D., director of the Endocrine Disruption Exchange, Inc., warns in an article published in Environmental Health Perspectives (Vol. 114, No. 1) that the current pesticide regulatory system does not adequately protect the public from the neurodevelopmental effects of pesticides.
  •  Acute Effects: The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety has identified acute health effects in humans including nausea, eye, skin, respiratory and throat irritation, muscle spasms, and even death (3).
  • Chronic effects: Repeated exposure to pesticides has been linked to neurological problems, brain and lung cancer, immune suppression (which creates environmental hypersensitivity), leukaemia, Parkinson’s disease, kidney damage, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and reproductive disorders, including endocrine disruption, low sperm count, and sterility.
 Medical Contacts:


 
----------------------------------------------------

Pesticide-Free Lawn & Garden Care
You CAN have a safe & Beautiful Garden!

Pesticide-Free Gardening... Naturally!
The golden rules for "green" gardening
People used to think that the best way to control insect pests, diseases and weeds in their gardens was with regular applications of pesticides. Over the years, though, it became obvious that this was not viable in the long term, because it upset the ecological balance and endangered people's health. Now the emphasis is on adapting our gardening methods so that we can grow strong, healthy plants able to resist different types of stress.

In fact, the best way to avoid problems in your garden is to start out with resistant plants that suit your site, and to look after them properly. This means using pesticides only as a last resort, when all other methods have failed.
Here are twelve rules for an attractive pesticide-free garden.
Hello? I think we've found those weapons of mass destruction!
Once you begin to apply pesticides, your lawn can become addicted to chemical treatment. Repeated applications can cause soil to become conditioned, which speeds up degradation of the pesticides. This results in the need to apply increasingly toxic chemicals at more frequent intervals to control the pest problem. Meanwhile, beneficial organisms are killed off, soil can become sterile, and pesticide-resistant insects breed to produce a species able to withstand the toxins and continue eating your grass!

Here are a few tips to keep your lawn lush and pesticide free:
  • Healthy grass needs healthy soil, ensure you have 6-8” of topsoil, if not, then top dress your lawn in the spring.
  • Mow high and leave grass clippings on the lawn. Set your lawnmower to the highest setting, allowing grass to grow longer. Tall, dense
    grass blocks the sun from getting to weeds and will help kill weed seedlings.
  • Water infrequently, but water deep. This forces the roots of the grass to grow deeper in search of water. As the soil at the surface
    becomes dry the weeds get choked and die. Wait until the grass starts to curl before watering. Watering on a schedule will only encourage
    weed growth.
  • Use a high quality all natural fertilizer spread lawn fertilizer as early as you can in the spring and lime every fall. Add compost. About one part compost and two parts dirt is what you should be striving for. Better quality soil and more of it will promote grass growing deep roots that will choke out the weeds.
  • Over-seed each year with a hardy blend that includes clover.
  • Consider installing a bird feeder since birds eat up those pesky bugs.

Dealing with pests
According to the Wolfville Nova Scotia Parks Department -using a Shop Vac On areas infected by chinch bug is 100% effective in removing all the eggs, nymphs and adults. 

Elm span outbreaks are often caused by low populations of T.Droozi; a small beneficial insect about the size of a fruit fly. It is a great predator to the elm span worm, killing the elm span in the egg stages before they ever hatch.  T. Droozi is almost undetectable by humans and animals, but is very sensitive to many pesticides and can be killed off quite easily, therefore the use of pesticides can worsen the elm span situation as you are killing their best known predator.

Pen State University has used T. Droozi, destroying 80% of elm Span worm in one season.  

Elm span outbreaks mostly occur year-after year in urban areas where pesticides are used.  The best fight against elm span would be for the entire community to ban together and stop using pesticides and perhaps work with local students and entomologists to bring the ecosystem back into balance by re-introducing the beneficial insects.

For the time being, you may also want to scrape off any eggs that you can before they hatch.  Buy a pressure washer, and add some liquid soap such as Dr. Bronners and blast your trees.

Disrupting the ecosystem with chemicals NEVER solves the problem; it only causes stronger breakouts of more resistant insects.

Here are a series of factsheets, brought to you by NCAP provides information on alternatives to using pesticides. 
You can help support this resource by joining NCAP

Plants
Bindweed
Blackberries
Corn Gluten Meal - for weed control
Dandelions
English Ivy
Flame Weeders - for weed control
Goats - for weed control
Knapweed
Leafy Spurge and Yellow Starthisle
Moss in Lawns
Moss on Roofs
Noxious Weeds
Poison Oak and Poison Ivy
Radiant Heat Weeders
Roadside Spray Alternatives
Shrub Beds and Flower Beds
Tree Wells
Insects
Ants
Aphids
Bees and Wasps
Billbugs
Boxelder Bugs
Carpenter Ants
Clothes Moths
Codling Moths
Compost Tea
Crane Flies
Cutworms
Deer
Earwigs
Fleas
Fruit Flies
Gophers
Growing Houseplants without Pesticides
Indian Meal Moths: A Pantry Test
Lacewings
Ladybugs
Mice
Moles
Mosquito Control and West Nile Virus
Mosquito Control Program Guidelines by State
Mosquito Repellents
Mosquito Repellents - Plant Based
Mosquito Spraying Opt-Out Program of Idaho
Mosquitoes - Commonly Used Pesticides
Mosquitoes - Personal Protection
Mosquitoes - Taking Action: West Nile Virus
Powdery Mildew
Rats
Root Weevils
Rose Diseases
Sowbugs and Pillbugs
SpidersSquash Bugs
Termites - Dampwood
Termites - Subterranean
Ticks
Voles
Yellow Jackets
Vinegar in Herbicides

Organic Landscape Information for Businesses


JOIN Organic Landscap Association
WHY YOU SHOULD JOIN OLA
 
  • For our customer referral system for service providers who are exclusively 100% organic
  • For courses and workshops on organic techniques
  • For networking opportunities
  • For regular newsletters and mailings in upcoming events
  • For access to up-to-date information about the organic lawn-care and landscaping industry
 

 
WHO SHOULD JOIN OLA
 
  • Lawn care technicians and companies
  • Landscapers
  • Property managers
  • Arborists
  • Suppliers
  • Nurseries and greenhouses
  • Municipal departments and employees
  • Horticultural societies
  • Community health and environmental groups
  • Interested individuals
 


Organic Landscape Alliance
P.O Box 89560 250A Eglinton Ave East
Toronto (ON)  M4P 1K2
Canada

Telephone : 1.866.824.7685
Fax : 1.866.824.7685
Email : info@organiclandscape.org


Neem oil is a natural control for many insects, mites, and fungi. It functions well as an "antifeedant", discouraging insects from feeding but not directly killing them. It can be watered in or applied as afoliar spray.  Neem oil is pressed from the seed of the neem tree (Azadiracta indica Juss.).

This tree, native to eastern India and Burma, has a 4,000 year history as a medicinal herb and insect repellent.  Naturally occurring compounds in neem oil discourage feeding on treated plants. When ingested, neem disrupts the molting and reproductive cycles of many insects. (In tests, desert locusts, which are
voracious herbivores, will sooner starve to death than eat plants treated with neem). Neem has proven remarkably non-toxic to birds, mammals, and beneficial predators like ladybugs, spiders, bees, and wasps.

Food-Grade DE (Diatomaceous Earth)
Available at Eastern Farmers co-op on Topsail Road
DE is a non-toxic, safe substance made up from crushed fossils of freshwater organisms and marine life. Crushed to a fine powder and observed through a microscope, the particles resemble bits of broken glass. Deadly to any insect and completely harmless to animals, fish, fowl or food. Most insects have a waxy outer shell covering their bodies, DE scratches through this shell causing the insect to dehydrate leading to eventual death.

Is an all-natural safe weed control, for extensive information visit the site above.

Available at Eastern farmers co-op.  Clover is a better lawn than grass is. It requires less water, requires less mowing, and it requires no fertilization; ever. It fixes nitrogen in the soil and is beautiful. It also aerates and enriches heavy soils.
It will not urine scald when dogs urinate on it. A heavy over planting of a clover will gradually choke out any and all weeds. You can mow your clover lawn, or let it bloom. Mowing will favor the clover over grass, as it encourages it to spread out instead of up. In the deepest drought, a clover lawn will be fresh and cool and green, while all around, the grass is brown and parched.

The Environmental Factor is a one of a kind company. Our focus is on providing a variety of products and services which benefit the environment and community. We are founding members of the Organic Landscape Alliance (OLA), an association of businesses and community groups committed to working
together with nature to promote healthy, beautiful landscapes.

Zeolite
Commercial natural Products, Spill Absorbent, Soil conditioner, freshener, Algae Eater,Golf Course Soil amendment and Odour control

Mitch Levine
Telephone : (905) 881-7941
Local supplier to the trade industry and homeowners
Organic fertilizers
Corn Gluten
Premium grass seed
Mushroom compost (bagged)
Horticultural Vinegar (non selective weed and grass control)
Diatomaceous earth (chinch bug control)
Nematodes (grub control)


Weeds
If you are working with a fairly weed-free lawn, the best prevention is to use a natural weed germination inhibitor such as corn gluten meal. Spot treat with vinegar or pull weeds with a pulling tool, plug or over-seed the area to prevent more weeds from moving in.


------------------------------------------


Links:

Best Practices Review: Pesticide by-laws are most effective
Pesticide Health Research: Studies on pesticide injuries
Beyond Pesticides: Excellent U.S. site on pesticides
By-laws Work Join this group hosted by Mike Christie for Canadian Pesticide news & Articles
Cap-NL Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides NL


Municipal Government

House of Assembly – Find your MHA

Gazette Archives:

Year


Provincial Government

Departments

Agencies

Acts & Regulations
 
Environmental Protection Act




Federal Government




Canadian Organizations & Groups

Toronto Environmental Alliance: Based in TorontoOntario
StopCancerOrg: Canadian Municipalities with pesticide bylaws
David Suzuki Foundation: On Pesticide risks
Pesticide Free Ontario: Working for a pesticide free Ontario
The Pesticide Education Network: OttawaOntario Canada
Montreal Botanical Garden: Super gardening tips
AEHA: The Allergy and Environmental Health Association

Pesticides


Alternatives




 ----------------------------------

Report a violation

If you suspect a violation please contact:

Pesticides Control Section
Department of Environment and Conservation
P.O. Box 8700
St. John's, NL
A1B 4J6
Ph #: (709) 729-2556
Toll Free Ph #: (800) 563-6181
Fax #: (709) 729-6969

Pesticides Control Section
Department of Environment and Conservation
P.O. Box 8700
St. John's, NL
A1B 4J6


Ph #: (709) 729-2556
Toll Free Ph #: (800) 563-6181

Fax #: (709) 729-6969

Email Addresses

Manager - karenlinfield@gov.nl.ca
Enforcement - TerryGedge@gov.nl.ca
Enforcement vickisimms@gov.nl.ca
Sample:

REQUEST FOR INVESTIGATION INTO PESTICIDE APPLICATION

I am formally requesting an investigation into a pesticide application located in St. John's Newfoundland.

I feel that this pesticide application was in violation of (choose any that apply)
·        Weather conditions
Wind speeds (Wind must be between 2 and 15 km/hr for ground applications & Winds must be between 2 and 10km/hr for trees taller than 3 meters)
Air Temperature ( temperature must be below 25oC)
Rain (It must not raining nor is rain anticipated over the next 2 hour period)
Humidity (The relative humidity must be above 50%)

·        Water Body Buffer Zones (pesticide regulations and labels state not to contaminate water bodies and wells, many pesticides can not be sprayed near water and residential wells)
·        24hr Neighbor Notification (When a pesticide spray activity is to occur, the applicator must give verbal or written notification to all neighboring properties within 50 meters (approximately 164 feet) 24 hours in advance of the spray activity.  The notification must include the common name/trade name of the pesticide, the active ingredient(s) and the type of pest controlled.  When given this notification, neighbors should be aware to close all windows, turn off the heat recovery & ventilation units in their home, take in clothing from the line as well as children’s toys and do not allow children or pets to play in the area in order to help reduce the risk of exposure.)
·        Operator was not wearing personal protective equipment. (All pesticide applicators must wear their protective safety equipment when mixing, loading or applying pesticides.  This includes protective coveralls, chemical resistant boots and gauntlet gloves, head and neck protection and an approved mask. The label, material safety data sheet and OHS offers information on the types of protective equipment necessary to reduce applicator exposure)


LocationAddress of pesticide application
Date: Friday, June 30th at approximately 8:00am.

Request for Investigation into:

1. Ensure product applied during correct weather conditions. (Please see weather conditions below)
2. Ensure product application confirms to all regulations
3. Ensure product application complies with Manufacturer's Label

I request that the following be forwarded via return email:

a) Product Applied
b) Company that applied product
c) Results from investigation above


Copy & Paste weather conditions from spray advisory if you suspect a weather violation:

Thank you for your immediate attention to this matter.

Your Signature
Date
Your contact information


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St. John's Daily Spray Advisory

My Past Articles

More enforcement needed for pesticide spray regulations
The Western Star (Corner Brook) - Final - 10-01-2002 - 413 words
Karen Griffin - Judie Squires says someone needs to patrol the companies that spray residential areas for pesticides because she's observed nine violations of the Environmental Protection Act in her Paradise neighborhood alone


Spray woes: Province falling down on monitoring pesticides
The Telegram (St. John's) - Final - 10-01-2002 - 253 words
Judie Squires - environment to become poisoned? A temporary ban on all residential pesticides has to be put into place, to protect us, our wildlife and our environment as a whole. Judie Squires Paradise


Government lax on cosmetic pesticide regulation: advocate
The Telegram (St. John's) - 08-28-2004 - 613 words
Stokes Sullivan, Deana - Despite increased awareness about adverse health effects from pesticides, Judie Squires, a member of the Pesticide Working Group of Newfoundland and Labrador, isn't optimistic the province will ban cosmetic use


Woman doesn't expect cosmetic pesticide ban any time soon
The Western Star (Corner Brook) - 08-30-2004 - 712 words
Stokes Sullivan, Deana - Despite increased awareness about adverse health effects from pesticides, Judie Squires, a member of the Pesticide Working Group of Newfoundland and Labrador, isn't optimistic that the province will ban the


Province lagging behind in pesticide control
The Telegram (St. John's) - 09-04-2005 - 496 words
Squires, Judie - it to do is to prohibit the cosmetic use of synthetic pesticides altogether in order to protect our citizens and the environment. Judie Squires writes from Portugal Cove-St. Philip's


The two sides to pesticide use
The Telegram (St. John's) - 07-16-2006 - 781 words
Judie Squires - health of your families. When Canada's most respected health authorities tell us pesticides threaten our health, we should all be listening. Judie Squires writes from Portugal Cove-St. Philip's


Inquiry implicates BTk
The Telegram (St. John's) - 06-24-2006 - 353 words
DEANA STOKES SULLIVAN - of trees. The live spores can be inhaled by humans and animals exposed to BT. Judie Squires, secretary of the Northeast Avalon Group of the Sierra Club, says despite claims that


Delayed pesticide laws 'disappointing'
The Telegram (St. John's) - 06-24-2006 - 833 words
DEANA STOKES SULLIVAN - at the end of this year. These products will only be sold to certified dealers. Judie Squires, secretary of the newly formed Northeast Avalon Group of the Sierra Club, isn't


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Time for provincial lawn pesticide regulation
The Telegram (St. John's) - 03-14-2009 - 419 words
pesticides. Please join me in lobbying our province for a pesticide ban Judie Squires Portugal Cove...

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